From the Office of Indian Education Blog
Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe Fri, Nov 12 2021 Indigenous Arizona
NAHM 2021: Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe
White Mountain Apache Tribe Fri, Nov 12 2021
NAHM 2021: White Mountain Apache Tribe
Johnson-O’Malley (JOM) is a federal program whose main objective is to ensure Indian children receive educational opportunities that would not otherwise be provided through the public school system. JOM is a supplemental program providing special services to Indian students based on the needs of individual communities.
The Johnson-O'Malley Program is authorized by the Johnson-O'Malley Act of 1934 and the implementing regulations are provided in Part 273 of Title 25 of the Code of Federal Regulations. As amended, this Act authorizes contracts for the education of eligible Indian students enrolled in public schools.
A student’s Personally Identifiable Information (PII) must be protected. The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records.
Bureau of Indian Affairs Website
** FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQs) **
Reference, Part 273 of Title 25, Code of Federal Regulations, https://www.ecfr.gov
§273.112 An Indian student is eligible for benefits provided by a Johnson O'Malley contract if the student is:
* Indian Tribe means any Indian Tribe, band, nation, rancheria, pueblo, colony or community, including any Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (85 Stat. 688) which is federally recognized as eligible by the U.S. Government through the Secretary for the special programs and services provided by the Secretary to Indians because of their status as Indians.
Yes, if a child is a member of a Federally recognized tribe (verified with enrollment number), they are JOM eligible. The must be between age 3 and grade twelve.
JOM eligibility includes either:
Yes. Verification of this criteria would be through the descendent's Certificate of Indian Blood (CIB) and the child's birth certificate. The child could be a descendent of someone who is enrolled in a federally recognized tribe but the child themselves are not enrolled. Proof would need to be provided (birth certificate) to show the child's lineage and to demonstrate they are at least ¼ degree of Indian blood (descendent's CIB).
A student is ½ Navajo and has their CIB. However, their half-brother is not enrolled with the tribe, but they have the same father who is 100% Navajo (based on his CIB). The half-brother would qualify for JOM as ½ Navajo, verified by the child's birth certificate and his father’s CIB.
Yes, DCS would be covered under the JOM regulation definition of “parent”
Per JOM Regulation, CFR Title 25, §273.106:
Yes, use Oct 1 data.
Recognizing student enrollment fluctuates and counts will be different depending on when they are done, using Oct 1 data provides consistency when conducting comparisons and additional analysis. The Oct 1 data is also used for most Federal reports.
Reference the Student Count Guidelines under the Program Information section above.
Eligibility via a parent's CIB is sufficient certification to enroll the student in JOM, therefore this student would be counted on the eligible worksheet, unless they were enrolled after the Oct 1 count date.
Reference the Student Count Guidelines unde the Program Information section above. Students enrolled in JOM after Oct 1 would be listed on the potential worksheet, as well as any Native American student who does not have the necessary documentation to certify their JOM eligibility.