Reading aloud is a powerful tool for promoting early literacy. When infants are read to, their brains begin preparing to learn words. By the time a baby is grabbing for the book, they are able to tell words apart. Toddlers who have been read to regularly can not only demand their favorite books at bedtime, but start matching sounds to letters. With the alphabet and years of stories under their belts, young children have the building blocks to start sounding out words. Reading aloud then becomes a technique young readers use to get better and faster. Fluent readers can complete the circle by reading to newer readers, even as they enhance their own vocabulary and comprehension. Reading aloud supports each of the “5 Pillars of Early Literacy.”
The 5 Pillars of Early Literacy
Effective early literacy strategies are so important to children’s success that Arizona law requires schools to use “an evidence-based reading curriculum that includes the essential components of reading instruction.” The statute further defines “essential components of reading instruction” to mean “explicit and systematic instruction in the following: (a) Phonemic awareness; (b) Phonics; (c) Vocabulary development; (d) Reading fluency; (e) Reading comprehension.” See A.R.S. §15-704
- Phonemic Awareness
Since the panel’s report was released in 2000, these concepts have become known as the “five pillars” of early literacy and reading instruction.
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