HIV/STD Prevention & Sex Education Resources

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A. TOOLBOX

The document HIV in School Settings provides updated language and references to assist in updating HIV policies, including a page of citations referencing the authority for the guidance that is provided. The Network for Public Health Law – Western Region Office at the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona State University, provided research and guidance underlying the production of the document. A related resources is an article published in the ASBA Journal, Increasing Impact and Ongoing Stigma of HIV/AIDS in Arizona Schools (pg 45), available at http://issuu.com/asba/docs/asbajournalspring2010

Resource: HIV in School Settings

The ADE HIV/Sexuality Education Program’s Material Review Committee reviews materials to create a list of medically accurate, age-appropriate resources that comply with state and federal guidelines to assist schools in selecting resources for use in sexual health education, puberty education, STD/HIV and teen pregnancy prevention education. Lists are available of curricula that have been reviewed and approved, all materials that have been reviewed and approved, and materials that have been reviewed and not approved, since 1996.

Resources:
ADE MRC Approved Materials 1996-2013 Date Sort
ADE MRC Approved Materials 1996-2013 Alpha Sort
ADE MRC Approved Curricula 1996-2013
ADE MRC Materials Not Approved 1996-2013

Sexual health and parent program resources consisting of books, curricula, DVD’s, and PowerPoint presentations have been placed at the Arizona Foundation for Legal Services & Education Clearinghouse, a free statewide lending library that serves as a resource for educators, school resource officers and attorneys. See ClearingHouse & Drug/Violence Prevention under Resources for more information.

Resource: HIV/Sex Ed Clearinghouse Resources

The 2009 Arizona Health Education Standards have been in place since the 2010-2011 school year. More information can be found at School Health Programs at
http://www.azed.gov/health-nutrition/health-ed-sandard/ . The Arizona Health Education standards are closely aligned with the National Health Education Standards. Sexual health education examples are missing from the Arizona standards, and the National Standards avoid content-specific performance indicators, which is why the National Sexuality Education Standards (below) are such a valuable resource. Information on the National Health Education Standards can be found at National Health Education Standards and the publication can be ordered at the ACS Online Bookstore.

Published in the Journal of School Health in 2011, the National Sexuality Education Standards provide straightforward guidance on the essential minimum, core content for sexuality education that is developmentally and age-appropriate for students in grades K-12. The standards are the result of a cooperative effort by the American Association of Health Education, the American School Health Association, the National Education Association Health Information Network, and the Society of State Leaders of Health and Physical Education, in coordination with the Future of Sex Education (FoSE) Initiative. Nearly 40 stakeholders developed the standards over a two-year process.

Resource: National Sexuality Education Standards

This chart describes the 17 characteristics that Kirby, Laris, & Rolleri (2005) found that effective curriculum-based sexual health education programs for youth have in common. The characteristics are organized three categories: the process of developing the curriculum, the contents of the curriculum itself, and the implementation of the curriculum.

Resource: 17 Characteristics of Effective Sexual Health Programs

The Tool to Assess the Characteristics of Effective Sex and STD/HIV Education Programs (TAC) is an organized set of questions designed to help assess whether curriculum-based programs have incorporated the common characteristics of effective programs. This resource was developed by two highly regarded national nonprofit organizations: Healthy Teen Network and Education, Training & Research (ETR) Associates.

Resource: Tool to Assess the Characteristics

The HECAT can help school personnel and others conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula based on the National Health Education Standards and CDC’s Characteristics of an Effective Health Education Curriculum. Results can help schools select or develop appropriate and effective health education curricula and improve the delivery of health education. The HECAT can be customized to meet local community needs and conform to the curriculum requirements of the state or school district. The HECAT is comprehensive with five instructive modules and ten content modules including sexual health, personal health/wellness, mental & emotional health, and violence prevention.

Resource: HECAT

A project of The National Campaign, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The project aims to translate research on teen pregnancy prevention and related issues into user friendly materials for practitioners, policymakers, and advocates. This report is an overview of what is known about carefully evaluated interventions that help delay sex, improve contraceptive use, and/or prevent teen pregnancy.

Resource: What Works

Engaging parents in their children’s school life is a promising protective factor. Research shows that parent engagement in schools is linked to better student behavior, higher academic achievement, and enhanced social skills. Parent engagement also makes it more likely that children and adolescents will avoid unhealthy behaviors, including sexual risk behaviors. This guide and accompanying PowerPoint, developed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), provides rationale, strategies, resources, and solutions for common challenges to sustaining parent engagement. Fact sheets for school & district administrators, teachers, and parents & families can also be found at http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/adolescenthealth/parent_engagement.htm

Resource: CDC Parent Engagement Strategies, Promoting Parent Engagement in School Health PP


B. ONLINE RESOURCES

OSHA provides information on bloodborne pathogens and how reduce or eliminate occupational exposure to them. Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/bloodbornepathogens/index.html
The CDC webpages on Adolescent & School Health cover many topics including sexual risk behaviors and the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), School Health Profiles, protective factors, and school health policy. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/adolescenthealth

HIV FAQ provides answers to many frequently asked questions on the HIV Basics webpages at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html

STD Fact Sheets in English and Spanish are available from CDC on many common sexually transmitted diseases including chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and HPV. http://www.cdc.gov/std/healthcomm/fact_sheets.htm

This Resource Center was created in 2011 with funding from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Adolescent Health (OAH). It is administered by the Rutgers University School of Nursing with the goal of providing a central online location for youth providers to access a resource library, training and technical assistance related to HIV prevention and adolescents. It includes a conference calendar and information on evidence based approaches. https://preventyouthhiv.org
This federally funded website has a wealth of resources and publications for teens, parents, researchers, practitioners, and OAH grantees. Some of the resources include webinars, state & national fact sheets with data on reproductive health, substance abuse, mental health and dating violence, grant/ funding information, and a site for parents on Talking with Teens. http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah
Advocates for Youth champions efforts to help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their reproductive and sexual health. Advocates believes it can best serve the field by boldly advocating for a more positive and realistic approach to adolescent sexual health. This website has resources on adolescent development and communication for parents and lessons plans and policy assistance for educators. http://www.advocatesforyouth.org

The National Campaign seeks to improve the well-being of children, youth, families, and the nation by preventing unplanned and teen pregnancy. This comprehensive site has a wealth of national and state data, funding, and resources, and webpages specifically designed for parents. http://www.thenationalcampaign.org

StayTeen.org
This is the teen site of the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. It features information, videos, activities, games, quizzes, polls, search options to find a local health center, and links to other related online sites. http://www.stayteen.org

This website features research-backed parenting articles, free downloads, and daily tips for parents and those who work with parents. This strength-based approach to parenting focuses on everyday steps parents can take to help kids be successful in the future. Information on developmental assets, risk behaviors, school issues, and parenting styles is included. http://www.parentfurther.com
Healthy Teen Network is a national organization focused on adolescent health and well-being with an emphasis on teen pregnancy prevention, teen pregnancy, and teen parenting. Their website has links and resources on youth development, policy and advocacy, and evidence-based approaches for teen pregnancy prevention, including the Getting to Outcomes framework. http://www.healthyteennetwork.org
FLASH is a comprehensive set of sexual health education lessons plans developed by health educators at Seattle & King County Public Health in King County, WA. The curricula can be downloaded for free or a print copy can be ordered at a low cost. Curricula is available for grades 4/5/6, 7th & 8th, high school, and for students ages 11-21 with special needs. High School FLASH is currently undergoing a longitudinal, randomized, behavioral evaluation by Mathematica Policy Research with results expected in 2015. http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/personal/famplan/educators/FLASH.aspx

Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States
SIECUS was founded in 1964 to provide education and information about sexuality and sexual and reproductive health. SIECUS has many resources on its website including annual State Profiles with summaries of state and federal funding received for sex education, Youth Risk Behavior Survey data, teen pregnancy, birth & abortion rate data, and descriptions of prevention programs with contact info. http://www.siecus.org

C. LAWS GOVERNING SEXUAL HEALTH EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS


D. ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES OFFICES AND DATA SOURCES