Arizona Centennial

By proclamation of President William Howard Taft on February 14, 1912, Arizona became the 48th and the last of the contiguous states to enter the Union of the United States of America. On February 14, 2012, Arizona will celebrate its centennial!

To assist Arizona’s educators in celebrating Arizona’s Centennial in their classrooms, the Arizona Department of Education provides the following curriculum support materials and information.

Links to Arizona Centennial Resources
Arizona Centennial Website
Learn about Arizona’s official Centennial celebration! This site gives The Centennial Plan; a listing of all Centennial Signature Projects, Legacy Projects, Official Sanctioned Events and Signature Events. Also included are “100 Fun & Fascinating Facts About Arizona” and a “Timeline of Arizona History.” Join the Penny Drive in your school; the proceeds will be used to clean, polish and reseal the Historic Capitol Dome. The Penny drive will commence on February 9th, 2011 and will run for forty eight days.
Arizona Commission on the Arts Centennial Webpage
The Commission has commissioned two new musical compositions which can be performed by middle school/high school ensembles, including choir, band, orchestra. The webpage has compositions, audio files to listen to the compositions, and bios on the composers. The music is offered free of copyright fees up until statehood day in 2012.
Arizona Historical Advisory Commission Website
The Arizona Historical Advisory Commission (AHAC) is commemorating Arizona’s Centennial by designating state Legacy Projects. See a listing of all Arizona Legacy Projects and learn where you can purchase an official mint condition Arizona quarter.
Yavapai County Centennial Website
Yavapai County was the home of Arizona’s first territorial capital. Visit this website for information about the county’s and Arizona’s history. Go to the “For Kids” page for activities and projects for students.
ADE Arizona Centennial Curriculum Support Materials
The following ADE curriculum support materials were created to support Arizona’s educators in celebrating Arizona’s Centennial in their classrooms.

ADE Pandemic Curriculum for Language Arts and Mathematics  

IDEAL in Curriculum Resources, in the Learning Resource Manager. You must have an account to access the materials in IDEAL. ADE Centennial materials will have this logo in the upper left corner. All the materials are aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards for the appropriate grade levels and subjects.

Kindergarten
Hunters and Gatherers in Arizona
This lesson introduces students to the hunters and gatherers, the very first people to live in Arizona, and one of the animals they hunted in Arizona long ago.
First Grade
Remembering César Chavez Trade Book Lesson
This lesson uses the trade book, Cesar Chavez, to show students how Cesar Chavez worked for the rights and freedoms of others.State Symbols of Arizona Trade Book Lesson
This lesson uses the trade book, G is for Grand Canyon, to encourage students’ appreciation and recognition of the state symbols of Arizona.What’s On the Arizona Quarter?
This lesson introduces students to the symbols and unique characteristics of Arizona that are shown on the state quarter.
Second Grade
Arizona’s Native Americans
This lesson introduces students to the fact that Native Americans were the first people to live in Arizona and that they are still an important part of our state’s rich cultural mosaic.
Third Grade
Petrified Forests Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on the Petrified Forest in Arizona and how the fossils provide evidence that plant life and environmental conditions in that area have changed over millions of years.Petrified Forests Reading Passage Lesson
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on the Petrified Forest in Arizona and how the fossils provide evidence that plant life and environmental conditions in that area have changed over millions of yearsPonderosa Pine Forest Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on the adaptations that allow the ponderosa pine to survive fire. The beneficial role of fire in Ponderosa Pine forests in Arizona and harmful impacts of fire management practices in the area is also included.Saguaro Life Cycle Trade Book Lesson
This lesson uses the trade book Cactus Hotel to build student understanding of plant life cycles and connect their learning of the saguaro life cycle to those of other plants.
Fourth Grade
An Arizona Governor – LA Pandemic Week 1
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on Raul Castro, the first Hispanic Governor of Arizona.Arizona Counties Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on the creation of Arizona Counties since statehood.Flooding Then and Now Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. Students learn the effect floods can have on human activities and environments in Arizona.Flooding Then and Now Reading Lesson
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on the effect of flooding in Arizona.

How Arizona Became a State – LA Pandemic Week 3
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on the steps Arizona went through as a territory to achieve statehood.

Ira Hayes: An Arizona Hero Trade Book Lesson
This lesson uses the trade book, Quiet Hero: The Ira Hayes Story, to learn about the contribution of Ira Hayes, a member of the Pima Indian Tribe (Akimel O’Odham), to the war effort during World War II.

Native American Code Talkers Trade Book Lesson
This lesson uses the trade book The Unbreakable Code to learn about the contributions of Native Americans to the American war effort during World War II. They will also learn the traits of character that are important to the preservation of democracy.

Responsibility on the Ranch Trade Book Lesson
This lesson uses the trade book, Chico: A True Story from the Childhood of the First Woman Supreme Court Justice, to teach students about responsibility. They will learn about responsibility by hearing an autobiographical story of Sandra Day O’Connor as a young girl on her family’s ranch in southeastern Arizona.

The Grand Canyon and a Very Tall Tale! – LA Pandemic Week 2
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on the formation of the Grand Canyon. There is also a tall tale explaining how the Grand Canyon was formed.

Fifth Grade
Boundary Changes in Arizona Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. Students learn how and why Arizona’s boundaries have changed through the years.Trails Across Arizona
In this lesson, students will learn what travel might have been like on two trails crossing Arizona used to journey westward during the last half of the 1800s.
Sixth Grade
Hunters and Gatherers – LA Pandemic Week 3
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on the early hunting and gathering peoples of Arizona.The Ancestral Pueoblans Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on the Ancestral Puebloan Culture of the Southwest.MThe Hohokam Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on the Hohokam Culture of Arizona.The Mogollon Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on the Mogollon Culture of the Southwest.
Seventh Grade
Arizona’s Road to Statehood Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on how Arizona gained its statehood.Protect and Restore Riparian Habitats Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on the southwestern willow flycatcher as an endangered species and argues for protecting and restoring this songbird’s habitat.Protect and Restore Riparian Habitats Reading Lesson
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on the southwestern willow flycatcher as an endangered species and argues for protecting and restoring this songbird’s habitat.Tall Tales and Legends: Water and Arizona – LA Pandemic Week 7
This lesson includes a literary text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on water issues in Arizona as told through two tall tales by Marshall Trimball.
Eighth Grade
Arizona and World War II – LA Pandemic Week 2
This series of lessons looks at Arizona during the World War II era. The content focus includes Arizona’s contributions to the war effort and its transformation as a result of World War II. Topics include Arizona’s Japanese Internments Camps, Hopi Code Talkers, Arizona Army and Air Force installations and the Korematsu v. United States Supreme Court case.Biography – LA Pandemic Week 8
This series of lessons includes sessions sharing the political biographies of Arizonans Sandra Day O’Connor, Ernest McFarland and Barry Goldwater.

Hopi Code Talkers in World War II Reading Passage
This informational text passage helps students build vocabulary and analyze information from expository text. The content focus is on Hopi Code Talkers in World War II.

Myths Explain Why – LA Pandemic Week 4
This series of lessons includes sessions on Hopi and Pima myths as well as amateur ornithologist Guess Eleanor Birchett of Tempe, who was recently inducted into the Arizona’s Women’s Hall of Fame.

The Crazy Boatmen – LA Pandemic Week 3
This series of lessons compares an event in Arizona history as told by Arizona’s Official Historian Marshall Trimball and Arizona playwright Ben Tyler. The content focus is on the German Prisoner of War escape from the Papago Park Camp during World War II.

High School
An Arizona War Hero
This lesson is about Silvestre Herrera, who was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery during battle in World War II. Students also examine the requirements of military service today.The Gadsden Purchase – LA Pandemic (Grade 11) Week 6
This lesson includes an informational text passage that helps students build vocabulary and use reading strategies to comprehend text. The content focus is on the Gadsden Purchase and its official documents.
Links to Educational Arizona Legacy Projects
Arizona Memory Project
Rich collections from Arizona libraries, archives, museums, historical societies and other cultural institutions are being digitized and stored online by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records for the use and enjoyment of Arizonans for all time.Arizona Stories
Multiple aspects of Arizona’s culture and history are featured in content for television documentaries, DVDs and a Web site. See and hear audio clips about people, places and events in Arizona history.Arizona Stories- Then and Now
Watch as the early 20th century images transform into the contemporary photography of Allen Dutton, Paul Scharbach and Jim Todd. Each photograph is captured from the exact location illustrating how much (or little) Arizona has changed.

Teaching Arizona History with a Geographical Perspective
K-12 lesson plans, based on the Arizona Academic Standards, have been created by Arizona teachers. These lesson plans use Arizona geography to enhance the teaching of Arizona history, while supporting reading, writing and/or math skills.

Links to Other Arizona Educational Resources
Learn about the history, wildlife and other important facts about Arizona. Secretary of State’s Kids’ Page
Learn about the symbols of Arizona and the office of the Secretary of State in Arizona.Arizona State Symbols
Drawings and description of Arizona’s state symbols. These symbols were passed into law by the state legislature and hold special importance to Arizona and define its unique character.About Arizona for KIDS
Links to selected agency, state and federal information and resources related to history and government in Arizona.

Raul H. Castro Institute Documentary DVD and Teaching Guide
The Institute has co-produced a documentary DVD entitled, “Raul H. Castro: Two Cultures, Many Challenges,” and accompanying Teacher and Student Guides. The materials are aligned with the Arizona academic standards for high school and are available free, upon written request, to Arizona high schools. See website for information.

The Living State Symbols of Arizona
In this lesson from the Arizona State Game and Fish Department elementary students study science, history and civics/government as they learn about our state symbols.

Historic Trails in Arizona
From the Arizona State Parks, stories, photos and information on historic trails in Arizona.

Tumacácori National Historical Park Lesson Plans
Learn about the people and environment of the Santa Cruz Valley. Guides are available for grades 1-3, 4-8 and 7 to high school. Also available is Encounters: A History of the Pimería Alta (Southern Arizona and Northern Sonora, Mexico), a Teacher’s Guide that traces the history and culture from Native Americans (O’odham and Apache) through present-day themes and research.

Through Our Parents’ Eyes Teacher Resources
A variety of resources to share the history, culture and experiences of the many peoples who live in Southern Arizona. Most lessons and activities are designed for high school students.

Echo the Bat Goes to Arizona!
Find Echo the Bat as he travels through habitats in three of Arizona’s state parks. NASA lessons for grades 5-8.

Desert Farmers at the River’s Edge: The Hohokam and Pueblo Grande
Share information about the Hohokam through this book about this group of people who once lived at the prehistoric village known today as Pueblo Grande. Characteristics of the Hohokam culture are briefly discussed and specific information about Pueblo Grande is summarized.

Tonto National Monument Curriculum Materials
Items from the monument’s teacher’s packet highlight the lifestyle of the Salado Culture and the Sonoran Desert ecosystem. Examples include Create Your Own Pictographs, Food from the Desert Plants, Salado Craft Arts and Dangerous Desert Dwellers.